Segment below coutecy of the NationaL Archery Federation,
For more information visit : www.sanaa.org.za
No matter what level you compete or participate at, it is your responsibility to know the rules that apply to you, and to comply with those rules.
Although doping is not a common occurrence in the sport of archery, any doping offence is treated very seriously, and have can dire consequences.
The local body responsible for the administration of the World Anti Doping Association rules is the South African Institute of Drug Free Sport (SAIDS).
Although you may not be taking a drug or substance to gain a competitive advantage, simply having certain substances in your body can result in a positive test (known as an adverse analytical finding). Anti-doping rules operate on the concept is known as “strict liability” where the intent to gain an advantage or to dope is not relevant to the finding of doping.
The rules are written in such as way that if you have a prohibited substance in your body, you are guilty of a doping offence (the concept of “innocent until proven guilty” does not apply). A doping infraction and possible sanctions against you can be the result of being ignorant of the rules.
Even if a drug you are taking is medically necessary, you must declare its use to the proper authority in order to avoid an infraction if you are chosen for testing.
Although the majority of doping control testing is focused on higher level archers and athletes, random testing can be conducted at various tournaments that may lead to “recreational archers” being selected for doping control. You do not have to be a member of any organisation, national team, or be an 3D Elite / Excellence member to be selected for testing.
Even if you have not signed a form or agreed to be tested, you can still be selected for testing.
Once selected, you must agree to the testing or face sanctions for refusing to be tested.
Because of this possibility, every archer should understand and follow the rules.
Be aware that many over the counter medications, herbal remedies, and nutritional supplements can result in a positive drug test. In particular, herbal remedies and nutritional supplements present a risk to athletes because these substances are not highly regulated. If you take such substances, be aware that the label ingredients may not reflect what is actually in the substance. Certain prescription medications are prohibited for all sports, and some are prohibited specifically for archery.
In certain circumstances, athletes can apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) if the prohibited medication they take is medically necessary.
Please ensure you consult the correct years rules and prohibited list. As of today, more than 570 sports organisations, including all international federations (IFs) of Olympic sports, all national Olympic and Paralympic committees, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, and many other sports organisations have accepted the World Anti-Doping Code.
Sports must undertake three steps in order to be fully compliant with the Code: acceptance, implementation, and enforcement.
Code acceptance means that a sports organisation agrees to the principles of the Code and agrees to implement and comply with the Code. Once a sports organisation accepts the Code, it then needs to implement it.
Code implementation means that a sports organization amends its rules and policies to include the mandatory articles and principles of the Code.
Finally, enforcement means that a sports organisation is enforcing its amended rules and policies in accordance with the Code. WADA monitors implementation of and compliance with the Code.
The easiest way to get caught using a restricted substance in sport is by using one without knowing that it is one you’re not allowed to use.
That’s why the SAIDS list of prohibited substances is one no sportsperson should be without.
Each year the SA Institute for Drug-free Sport (SAIDS) publishes a list of several THOUSAND medicines under their over-the-counter and prescription brand names, indicating which ones are okay to use, and which ones not.
Fortunately, less than ten percent of the extensive list is marked in red, meaning that you’d be in trouble when caught taking it.
The list varies from cough mixtures to good old fashioned Disprin (they’re fine to take) and esoteric stuff like Fraxiparine.
The list is in the format of a handy A6 size Z-fold pocket guide, so you can easily take it with when visiting your medical practitioner.
Copies are available from SAIDS, telephone 021 761 8034.
Updated SAIDS List ( 2017 ) : https://www.wada-ama.org/sites/default/files/resources/files/2016-09-29_-_wada_prohibited_list_2017_eng_final.pdf
WADA Website : www.wada-ama.org